The Livelihood Program for Okongo San Resettlement Projects (LIPROSAN)
The LIPROSAN programme targets the resettlement projects of Onamatadiva, Eendobe, Oshanashiwa and Ekoka in the Okongo Constituency of Ohangwena Region. The programme follows a near similar strategy as the LISUP programme in the Omaheke Region and aims to strengthen local capacity in community organisation, agricultural production and income generation with the overall aim to contribute to food security in the long term. Thus the intervention has the following major components:
1. Strengthening community organisation and local leadership. As the San communities in the group resettlement projects around Okongo reveal a limited degree of organisation, the strengthening of local leadership and organisational capacity constitute the starting point of this intervention. Once local farm management structures have been strengthened, the program will gradually aim to strengthen joint decision making and planning between communities and service providers through the Forum for Integrated Resources Management.
2. Secondly, in order to develop the farm livelihoods and strengthen food security in due time, the capacity of the San in agronomic production and irrigated vegetable production will be strengthened by means of on-site training and mentoring, in partnership with colleagues of the Ministry of Lands and Resettlement and the Department of Extension Services.
3. In addition, as the resettlement farms are very small, it is unlikely that the farm livelihoods can be expanded and strengthened to such a degree that it will result in food security at household level within the project period. As such the program will work on strengthening opportunities for income diversification through craft production and marketing in partnership with OMBA Arts Trust
Because the communities in these four resettlement projects are more impoverished and vulnerable than the San in het Omaheke region the social aspects of this livelihood support program in the Ohangwena Region have gained in importance in the following ways:
4. Short term perspective: given prevailing levels of food insecurity and poor health of the San beneficiaries the four resettlement projects the intervention provides a basic food safety net during the dry season and the onset of the rainy season, so that the beneficiaries have enough strength to cultivate their own fields and to carry out other income generating activities
5. Long-term perspective: to improve future opportunities for San children basic support is rendered to kindergartens and community hostels at combined schools in the resettlement projects, in partnership with the Ohangwena Regional Council, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Lands and Resettlement and UNESCO.